Thịnh said that opening the door to EU products and services would create pressure on some domestic firms, but Việt Nam and the EU’s product portfolios tended to supplement each other instead of being in direct competition, so policymakers expected the pressure to stay at an acceptable level. This should spur domestic firms to adopt new technologies and improve their products and services.
She said the trade deal required a total revamp of Việt Nam’s procedures for investment, customs, trade facilitation, workers’ rights, technical and sanitary standards, as well as intellectual property rights. Therefore, the Government must push for stronger administrative reforms and aim for more sustainable development models.
On the topic of the EU-Vietnam Investment Protection Agreement (EVIPA), she said the agreement helped strengthen Việt Nam’s role in regional and global trade.
Chairman of the NA Committee on External Affairs Nguyễn Văn Giàu said the committee supported the trade deal and urged the Government to work on a more detailed roadmap and preparation plans for its implementation.
The committee also advised the Government to conduct further studies on the impacts of the EVFTA, especially in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. Contingency plans and risk control measures must be put in place to minimise the adverse effect of the pandemic.
A number of key tasks must be completed including the application of information technology to keep governmental agencies, the business community and consumers updated on the trade deal, along with support for Vietnamese enterprises to take advantage of trade opportunities.
Minister of Industry and Trade Trần Tuấn Anh said the EVFTA was one of the most important deals ever signed by Việt Nam, marking a new era of trade and cooperation with Europe as well as the country’s global integration efforts.
The EVFTA had the potential to help Việt Nam lift 800,000 people out of poverty by 2030, according to a paper published by the World Bank in April. The trade deal, in light of the COVID-19 pandemic, would provide a significant boost for the recovery of the economy, opening many doors for Việt Nam’s exports, granting Vietnamese businesses access to new supply chains and setting up Việt Nam as a promising destination for the global supply chain.
The trade deal also provided a cornerstone for the recovery of production post-pandemic. Additional export markets would allow Việt Nam to reduce its reliance on traditional trade partners, said the minister.
On the topic of Brexit, there will be a transitional period, which is expected to last until the end of 2020, before the UK officially departs the bloc. Trade terms between Việt Nam and the UK will follow what is stipulated under the EVFTA, with a possible extension of up to 24 months. Bilateral talks between the two countries have been underway to prepare for a post-Brexit agreement with both sides looking to ramp up trade.
The UK is Việt Nam’s third-largest trade partner within the EU with trade turnover growth of 17.8 per cent year-on-year. By the end of 2019, bilateral trade reached $6.61 billion, with Việt Nam’s exports accounting for $5.76 billion.
The Government has been reviewing the country’s existing legal frameworks in anticipation of the trade deal to keep in line with EVFTA standards on transparency and intellectual property.
In addition, several Government programmes have been put in place to disseminate information about the EVFTA in the business community to improve competitive capacity for Vietnamese firms, to reinforce unions and organisations representing workers’ rights at a grassroots level, and to establish a roadmap for the sustainable development of social policies.
The EVFTA includes 17 chapters, two protocols and a number of accompanying memorandums of understandings on trade in goods and services, investment, trade remedies, competition, State-owned enterprises, government procurement and intellectual property.
Under the trade deal, 65 per cent of duties on EU exports to Việt Nam as well as 71 per cent of duties on Vietnamese exports to the EU will be removed as soon as the trade deal enters into force. The remainder will be phased out gradually over a period of up to 10 years for EU exports and seven years for Vietnamese exports.
The EVFTA also contains provisions on intellectual property protection, labour rights and sustainable development. The trade deal will open a great opportunity for Việt Nam to enter a market with a GDP of US$18 trillion.
The EU is one of the largest trade partners of Việt Nam with two-way trade hitting $56.39 billion in 2019. The EU is also Việt Nam's 5th largest foreign investor. The figure is expected to increase significantly in the near future as 62 per cent of investors from the EU have a positive opinion of doing business in the Southeast Asian country. — VNS